Area: 1,342 acres
Location: Sacramento County
Acquisition Type: CNLM manages the Preserve on contract to protect the imperiled species and their habitats on the preserve. The preserve is owned by the County of Sacramento. CNLM holds a Conservation Easement (CE) over a 224-acre portion of the Preserve. The County recorded a Declaration of Covenants and Restrictions on the remaining portion of the Preserve–1,118 acres. CNLM is named as a limited third-party beneficiary on the deed restriction and thus assists the County in protecting and enforcing conservation measures on that part of the Preserve as well as the CE area.
Key Habitats: Vernal Pool, Riparian, California Annual and Perennial Grassland
Species of Special Interest to CNLM: Swainson’s hawk (Buteo swainsoni), vernal pool fairy shrimp (Branchinecta lynchi), vernal pool tadpole shrimp (Lepidurus packardi), western spadefoot (Spea hammondii), Sacramento Orcutt grass (Orcuttia viscida) (introduced), Boggs Lake hedge hyssop (Gratiola heterosepela), Ahart’s dwarf rush (Juncus leisosperus var. ahartii) and Legenere (Legenere limosa)
The Illa M. Collin Conservation Preserve, previously known as the Mather Preserve, was established according to the 2012 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Biological Opinion for the Disposal of Mather Air Force Base for the purpose of protecting, in perpetuity, sensitive and high-value vernal pool habitat and associated listed species. The protection of these conservation values is further ensured through the use of protective legal instruments and management by a professional conservation organization. A Wetland Management Plan for this property was drafted and completed in 2014 with comments from and with approval by USFWS, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, US Environmental Protection Agency, and the US Army Corps of Engineers through a process that also included the County of Sacramento expert review, and public input. CNLM was selected to manage the Preserve in October 2015, was contracted to provide some specific management tasks in April 2016, and entered into a longer-term management contract with the County of Sacramento in February 2017.
The Preserve contains vernal pool, grassland, and riparian habitat. Vernal pools are found throughout California and other parts of the world where they form on soils characterized by impermeable subsurface soil layers such as claypans, hardpans, or cemented volcanic mud flows and basalt flows. These shallow soils cause rainfall to pond in localized small depressions, typically less than 1000 square feet in size, forming temporary wetlands that support a rich diversity of flora and fauna, most of which are only found in California. As much as 90%-95% of these habitats have been lost to agriculture and urban development and many of those vernal pools that remain support species listed as either threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The Preserve provides habitat for species such as federally threatened vernal pool tadpole shrimp (Lepidurus packardi) and vernal pool fairy shrimp (Branchinecta lynchi), California state species of concern western spadefoot (Spea hammondii), (introduced) federal-endangered Sacramento Orcutt grass (Orcuttia viscida), California state-endangered Boggs Lake hedge hyssop (Gratiola heterosepela), and California Native Plant Society Rank 1B plant species Ahart’s dwarf rush (Juncus leisosperus var. ahartii) and legenere (Legenere limosa).
Since commencing management under the 2017 five-year management contract, CNLM’s activities have included:
- Researching and discussing with weed control expert’s appropriate means of testing and implementing long-term vegetation management within the context of sensitive species and abiotic resources and multiple uses of the Preserve
- Providing control of significant occurrences of exotic invasives through appropriate herbicide treatments, applied for maximum efficacy and minimal risk to nontarget species
- Initiating grazing and prescribed burn pilot projects as part of an Integrated Pest Management Program that will help achieve conservation objectives and offer alternatives to reliance on pesticides
- Developing a protocol for researchers and post-secondary educators to request access to the Preserve and for CNLM, Regulatory Agencies, and County to review these requests for risk management, conservation value protection, and coordination purposes
- Working with the County to implement the process of documenting and providing review and approval, when appropriate for K-12 and community educational use of the Preserve
- Collecting data on invertebrate species—including rare and listed species—from a strategically selected subset of 23 vernal pools within the Preserve to serve as immediate reflections of vernal pool biodiversity and to inform longer-term trend data
- Establishing protocols for and collecting data on vegetation community composition, rare plant presence, and residual dry matter (RDM) to inform vegetation management and trends over time
- Improving protection of the Preserve from trespass and related detrimental activities by regular patrols and coordination with County Staff
- Documenting issues, exploring interests, and researching components of compatible public use to be used towards drafting a Public Access Plan for the preserve
- Documenting wildlife presence, use, and mortality within the Preserve for a better understanding of the Preserve’s biodiversity and to manage against loss
Annual reports are prepared and describe in detail the management activities CNLM has conducted on the Preserve during each year. They are available upon request.
In accordance with the Management Plan, a public access plan will be prepared within three years of recording the Conservation Easement. For more information and inquiries please Contact the preserve manager.
For information on Illa M. Collin Conservation Preserve or Center for Natural Lands Management, please contact Erik Gantenbein, Preserve Manager at email@example.com or 760.731.7790 extension 213.