Volume 1 Issue 1


The PAR App has a deep history and a broad reach. For over two decades, earlier versions of this App have served not only its developer—the Center for Natural Lands Management—but a variety of similar or related interests within the larger conservation community. The “PAR” (Property Analysis Record) has been acquired and used by Resource Conservation Districts; private land owners; environmental consultants and other for-profit businesses; County, regional, state-wide, and national land trusts (including TNC); County governments; State natural resource agencies; universities; transportation authorities; and energy and other utility companies.
The majority of interest, and presumably use, of the PAR has been in California, but the program has been acquired by entities in other states (including Arizona, Louisiana, North Carolina, Utah, and Virginia) and used in other countries (e.g., Canada, Australia). Because there is only supportive structure for prompting a comprehensive input of data, but no default values, the PAR can be used in diverse contexts. Units of measurement, where applicable, can be presented using either the metric or imperial system.
What do these PAR preparers have in common? They all have found value in a tool that supports a comprehensive, objective, and transparent means of determining annual and perpetual costs of stewardship (or easement monitoring, enforcement, and defense) of conservation lands. When appropriately conducted, the PAR provides a permanent record of the attributes of the conservation property, the stewardship responsibilities, requirements, and assumptions, and the detailed costs.  For conservation land-holding entities, the PAR product provides information that can be used for annual work plans and budgets, as well as endowment targets for fund-raising or endowment requirements for mitigation purposes. Regulatory agencies find value in the PAR in its transparency of components and consistent format, improving their ability to review cost analyses for mitigation properties to ensure permit compliance. When used in a mitigation context, the PAR can also be of value to the regulated community—providing the transparency that allows informed discussions about proposed endowment funding, as well as assurance that mitigation funds would serve the intended conservation purpose. 


General tips and pointers for using and navigating the App. 


When entering data, you can use the Tab key to move from one column to the next (e.g., after entering data in the Tasks and Cost Analysis table).  To simply maneuver around a table, you can use the arrow keys.


Information or ideas on how to approach the determination of tasks or costs to be included in your PAR.


Incorporating the cost of vehicle use in the PAR.  The cost of using vehicles should reflect the actual cost that is incurred by the entity that will be conducting stewardship (and/or conservation easement monitoring, enforcement, and defense). In some cases, that may involve leases or rental agreements. In other cases, the stewardship entity may own a fleet of working vehicles. In still other cases, stewardship staff may be expected to use their personal vehicles, with reimbursement for business use. Only in the latter case, and if the IRS rate is used to determine reimbursement, is the IRS rate probably the appropriate cost (per mile of travel). In other cases, that rate probably does not reflect the true cost of acquiring and maintaining working vehicles (with all associated costs including insurance, registration, company logo, lock box, etc.) in the geographic service area of the stewardship organization. The stewardship entity can estimate its actual (or predicted) costs over time for vehicle use and then, for example, calculate a ‘per-mile cost’. By then estimating the distance that a working vehicle would travel (per year, for the annual budget determination) to provide the intended service for a particular conservation property, an annual cost for vehicle use can be determined. Don’t forget to include ‘off-site’ transportation costs such as travel to meetings that are related to that property and travel to stores to purchase supplies, for example, as well as travel on the conservation land itself. Finally, ensure that initial vehicle acquisition (or appropriate portion) is included in the ‘initial and capital’ section of the PAR.


Q: In the Tasks and Cost Analysis table, after I enter some data for a labor item (i.e., position title), the labor rate automatically populates in the Initial and Capital (I&C) section. Is there some way that this can automatically populate with the same information in the Perpetual section?
A: We have made it easy to transfer the data you have entered in the I&C over to the Perpetual section: To add information from the Initial and Capital (I&C) to the Perpetual section for all selected tasks, check the “Auto-populate Perpetual Information” box and then select Save or the “Update and Continue” button. The units (“No. Units”) and cost per unit (“Cost/Unit”) will be copied over to the Perpetual section for all of your checked tasks UNLESS you have already entered values in these columns for Perpetual tasks— the values you have already entered in the Perpetual section will not be replaced when you use this function. Certain tasks that are specific to the I&C only (e.g., Account set-up) will not be auto-filled; you will also need to enter the frequency (“Freq(yrs)”) for the Perpetual tasks, as this field has no equivalent in the I&C and thus is not auto-populated.



Deborah L. Rogers, Ph.D.
Director of Conservation Science and Stewardship

Michelle A. Labbé, M.S.
Conservation Analyst

Romina A. Roque
IT Assistant

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